Reducing Sodium Intake Can Help Patients With Heart Failure

Published:Nov 23, 202308:21
Reducing Sodium Intake Can Help Patients With Heart Failure

A brand new research has explored how lowering sodium consumption may help sufferers with coronary heart failure. The findings of the research had been printed within the journal, ‘The Lancet’.

Although lowering salt consumption didn't result in fewer emergency visits, hospitalisations or deaths for sufferers with heart-failure, the researchers did discover an enchancment in signs equivalent to swelling, fatigue and coughing, in addition to higher total higher high quality of life.

The researchers have adopted 806 sufferers at 26 medical centres in Canada, america, Columbia, Chile, Mexico and New Zealand. All had been affected by heart-failure, a situation through which the guts turns into too weak to pump blood successfully. Half of the research contributors had been randomly assigned to obtain regular care, whereas the remainder acquired dietary counselling on the way to cut back their dietary salt consumption.

Patients within the dietary counselling arm of the trial got dietitian-designed menu recommendations utilizing meals from their very own area and had been inspired to cook dinner at house with out including salt and to keep away from high-salt elements. Most dietary sodium is hidden in processed meals or restaurant meals slightly than being shaken on the desk, Ezekowitz famous.

“The broad rule that I’ve realized from dietitians is that something in a bag, a field or a can usually have more salt in it than you'll suppose," said Ezekowitz, who is also a cardiologist at the Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute and director of the U of A’s Cardiovascular Research Institute. The target sodium intake was 1,500 milligrams per day — or the equivalent of about two-thirds of a teaspoon of salt — which is the Health Canada recommended limit for most Canadians whether they have heart failure or not.

Before the study, patients consumed an average of 2,217 mg per day or just under one teaspoon. After one year of study, the usual care group consumed an average of 2,072 mg of sodium daily, while those who received nutritional guidance consumed 1,658 mg per day, a reduction of a bit less than a quarter teaspoon equivalent.

The researchers compared rates of death from any cause, cardiovascular hospitalization and cardiovascular emergency department visits in the two study groups but found no statistically significant difference.

They did find consistent improvements for the low-sodium group using three different quality of life assessment tools, as well as the New York Heart Association heart-failure classification, a measure of heart failure severity. Ezekowitz said that he will continue to advise heart failure patients to cut back on salt, but now he will be clearer about the expected benefits. He urged clinicians to recognize that dietary changes can be a useful intervention for some of their patients.

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